January 18, 2021

Florida and Cuba begin preparations ahead of strengthening Eta

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By AccuWeather

Tropical storm warnings and watches were issued for the Cayman Islands and Cuba on Friday morning. By Friday night, tropical storm watches had been extended northward to encompass Sebastian Inlet southward around the Florida Peninsula to Bonita Beach, Lake Okeechobee, the Keys and the Florida Bay. A tropical storm warning is also in effect for the northwestern Bahamas.

AccuWeather Global Weather Center – November 7, 2020 –  Eta, now back to tropical storm strength, is spinning over the warm waters of the northwest Caribbean Saturday after leaving behind a trail of catastrophic damage and a rising death toll in Central America. The reorganizing tropical system is likely to continue strengthening and strike Cuba before it churns toward the Florida Keys and possibly the South Florida mainland as a 1 on the AccuWeather RealImpact™ Scale for Hurricanes.

AccuWeather meteorologists warn that Eta could become a strong tropical storm or low-end hurricane before striking the south-central coast of Cuba late Saturday night to Sunday morning with torrential rain, high winds and significant storm surge. People over central Cuba are being urged to prepare for flooding, mudslides and power outages.

Tropical storm warnings and watches were issued for the Cayman Islands and Cuba on Friday morning. By Friday night, tropical storm watches had been extended northward to encompass Sebastian Inlet southward around the Florida Peninsula to Bonita Beach, Lake Okeechobee, the Keys and the Florida Bay. A tropical storm warning is also in effect for the northwestern Bahamas.

As of 1 p.m. EST Saturday, Eta was centered 50 miles north of Grand Cayman with maximum sustained winds of 60 mph. Present movement is to the northeast at 17 mph.

Satellite images showed that Eta was wasting no time gathering steam on Friday as thunderstorms continued to erupt east of Belize and north of Honduras. Waters were as warm as 84 F, which is plenty warm to allow the storm to strengthen. By Saturday morning those thunderstorms had continued to organize and Eta began rapidly gaining strength as a tropical storm.

This image, captured on Friday, Nov. 6, 2020, shows thunderstorms erupting (yellow, orange and red) over the northwestern Caribbean. The center of Eta was located on the southwestern edge of the biggest thunderstorms. (CIRA at Colorado State/NOAA-GOES East)

Regardless of exact intensity, Eta will still slam Cuba with life-threatening rain, wind and storm surge. Rainfall averaging 8-12 inches (200-300 millimeters) with an AccuWeather Local StormMax™ of 16 inches (406 millimeters) are forecast with the greatest amounts over the mountains. Winds of 60-80 mph (97-129 km/h) are forecast over central Cuba with an AccuWeather Local StormMax™ of 100 mph (160 km/h). A storm surge of 3-6 feet (1-2 meters) is expected along portions of the south-central coast, between around Trinidad, Cuba to the Gulf of Ana Maria.

The storm may have another opportunity to strengthen once it emerges over the Florida Straits to the north of Cuba during the day Sunday.

The storm may have another opportunity to strengthen once it emerges over the Florida Straits to the north of Cuba during the day Sunday.

Because of the potential for Eta to regain hurricane status and the likelihood of torrential rain and the potential for life-threatening flooding, damaging winds and storm surge, forecasters have rated Eta as a 1 on the AccuWeather RealImpact™ Scale for Hurricanes in Cuba and Florida. Unlike the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, which only factors in winds to rate hurricanes, the RealImpact™ Scale takes a broad range of impacts and economic factors into account.

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The system will emerge along the north coast of Cuba, most likely during the midday and afternoon hours on Sunday, and gusty winds are expected to raise seas in the waters between the Bahamas, Cuba and Florida. Overwash and downpours could lead to flooding, including in the city of Havana and perhaps as far away as Nassau in the Bahamas.

Officials have been asking Floridians to take precautions ahead of the storm. Crews spent Thursday cleaning storm drains in Miami Beach in anticipation of Eta. Meanwhile, The City of Fort Lauderdale, Florida, distributed free sandbags to residents on Friday.

One southwest Florida resident told AccuWeather National Reporter Emmy Victor that people seem to be more caught up in following election and coronavirus news than preparing for Eta, but long lines were seen at grocery stores as people stocked up on necessities.

In preparation for the storm, the City of Miami’s COVID-19 Mobile Testing Unit (MTU) and Mobile Testing Unit Call Center will be closed Monday, Nov. 9. Operations are expected to resume on Tuesday, Nov. 10.

“After crossing Cuba later this weekend, Eta is forecast to make a westward turn, likely somewhere in the Florida Straits between Cuba and the Florida Keys or South Florida,” AccuWeather Senior Meteorologist Dan Pydynowski said.

“Exactly where and when Eta makes this turn will determine the extent and magnitude of impacts in Florida, although locally damaging winds, heavy rain and some flooding are likely in at least South Florida and the Florida Keys,” Pydynowski said.

The strength and track of Eta as it nears Florida may be dependent on how far west versus east the storm travels over Cuba and the amount of wind shear present.

Wind shear is the increase in wind speed with increasing altitude. When wind shear is strong, it can inhibit tropical development or cause an established tropical system to weaken. However, in smaller amounts, wind shear can help vent a tropical system and cause it to strengthen.

Winds won’t be the only factor to determine the storm’s strength. Interaction with Cuba and hilly terrain will cause Eta to weaken as the storm moves northward over the large island.

But even if wind shear prevents the storm from reaching hurricane-force and land interaction greatly weakens the storm, forecasters expect it to be a big rainmaker and pose a number of other threats.

Regardless of the exact strength, enough heavy rain and strong winds are expected to extend outward from the storm’s center to cause problems in South Florida. People should be prepared for low-lying area flooding due to heavy rainfall and storm surge as well as power outages from strong winds, according to forecasters. Persistent easterly winds along Florida’s east coast have already lead to rough surf and some coastal flooding at weeks end.

At this time, a general 8-12 inches of rain is forecast over the Florida Keys and part of South Florida with locally higher amounts possible. Wind gusts of 40-60 mph are forecast with an AccuWeather Local StormMax™ gust of 80 mph. Rainfall and winds could be greater or lesser in South Florida, depending on Eta’s exact track and strength.

AccuWeather forecasters say landfall somewhere on the southern part of the Florida Peninsula is not out of the question. Interests in the Florida Keys should be prepared for the impacts of a strong tropical storm to a Category 1 hurricane from Sunday afternoon to Monday.

The Florida Keys and peninsula have largely dodged impacts amid a record-setting Atlantic hurricane season, which has spawned 28 named systems. No landfalls have occurred in the state yet this season, but forecasters say the region is not out of the woods yet. Eta may pose a significant threat to lives and property and, at the very least, an interruption to daily activities and travel late this weekend and early next week.

A record-setting 11 named tropical systems made landfall so far in the U.S. this hurricane season. (AccuWeather)

Beyond Cuba and Florida, the possibilities of Eta’s path are less certain for where the storm will head later next week and beyond. Forecasters say the most likely scenario is for Eta to emerge into the southeastern Gulf of Mexico early next week after it impacts Florida, where it may try to restrengthen into a hurricane yet again.

“One scenario for later next week is for Eta to be scooped up and pulled northward into the upper Gulf Coast of the U.S., but its exact track and intensity during the middle and latter part of next week is highly uncertain,” Pydynowski said.

For more on this story and audio go to: ACCUWEATHER

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