July 27, 2021

To LGBTI allies and friends of the IBA: Invitation

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From Leonardo Raznovich

You are cordially invited to: 

Release of publication

The Human Right to Respect for Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the Caribbean and Latin America, Current Situation and Prospects


Panel Discussion

Criminalisation, Violence and Hate Crimes

Pending tasks after the formal recognition of LGBTI people’s rights in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: Wednesday 21 July 2021

Time: 9:00 a.m. – 11:00 a.m. (Costa Rica time zone)

Format: Virtual – Zoom.  Support – Inter-American Court of Human Rights 

Flyer attached – please distribute with your networks 

9:00 a.m.




9:20 a.m.

Welcome Presentation:

Sternford Moyo, President of the IBA

Douglas Durán Chavarría, Director ILANUD

Joseph Thompson, Executive Director IIDH

Release of the publication: Raúl Zaffaroni, Justice of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, Coordinator of the research in Latin America.

10:00 a.m.

Panel Discussion

10:00 Marcela Sánchez Buitrago, Executive Director – Colombia Diversa 

10:25 Jason Jones, Human Rights and LGBTI rights advocate – Trinidad and Tobago 

10:50 Questions and exchanges 

Moderator: Leonardo Raznovich, barrister, officer of the Diversity and Inclusion Council of the IBA, coordinator of the research in the Caribbean.

You must register to attend, but this is free of charge 

Registration link: https://forms.gle/1GEbwUEnUbqFR1zTA


The United Nations Latin American Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (ILANUD), the International Bar Association (IBA) and the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights (IIHR) joined forces to undertake a research entitled “The Human Right to Respect for Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the Caribbean and Latin America, Current Situation and Prospects“, the purpose of which was to get to know the mechanisms of discrimination and violence towards LGBTI persons, or individuals perceived as such, in the region.  The research evidenced that different forms of violence, discrimination and criminalisation still affect sections of the community that do not conform to the dominant heteronormative patterns in our societies.

For your convenience, the main conclusions and observations are as follows:

  1. The report evidences two types of criminalisation (primary and secondary), which it is hoped will contribute to the conceptualisation, analysis and appropriate treatment of the situation of human rights of LGBTI people.
  2. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights has two cases pending before it regarding laws (primary legislation) that criminalise consensual sex between adults of the same sex: one from Barbados and one from Jamaica.  The report highlights the importance of expediting the contentious processing of these cases in the Commission and evaluates the possibility of seeking an advisory opinion from the Inter-American Court, concerning the issue of criminalisation of consensual sexual relations between people of the same sex in the English-speaking Caribbean jurisdictions where the law is still on the statute books.
  3. In respect of 2 above, it is important to note that some of the countries of the English-speaking Caribbean that are former British colonies continue to have the British Crown and/or its Privy Council as their final ‘court’ of appeal.  The report evidences the role that that British Crown and/or its Privy Council have played in the maintaining validity of colonial laws above the constitutions of independent nations.  The report concludes that British judges siting in London are responsible for hindering progress of the rights of LGTBI people in the English-speaking Caribbean and, hence, an assessment of the possible breach of international law by the British Crown is apposite.
  4. The report highlights that the absence and/or scarcity of relevant and comprehensive statistical information makes the task of designing strategies for the promotion and protection of rights appropriate to the needs of LGBTI people very difficult.  In this sense, the report suggests the importance of establishing criteria that allow comparability of the data.
  5. Finally, the report notes the importance of raising awareness, training and education at different levels and different target audiences as one of the ways to advance in the promotion and protection of human rights for LGBTI people in the subject region.
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