May 13, 2021

The days of the jumbo jet

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-the-official-presidential-aircraft-of-china-The days of the jumbo jet are coming to an end — here’s a look back at its glory years

By Benjamin Zhang From Business Insider

For more than 40 years, the wide-body jumbo jet ruled the skies. But with changes to aviation regulation, airline business strategy and improvement in turbofan engine technology, the days of huge aircraft are drawing to a close.

Since its introduction in 1969, the Boeing 747 has transformed the way people travel. With its ability to fly 500 passengers 6,000 miles, the jumbo jet allowed airlines to reach new destination while achieving profitability by lowering the per-seat cost of operation.

Over the years, the big Boeing was joined in the long-haul wide-body market by offerings from McDonnell Douglas, Lochkeed, and Airbus. In 2005, Airbus introduced the double-deck A380-800 — perhaps the most capable rival the Boeing jumbo jet had ever encountered.

But these days Boeing and Airbus are having a hard time finding new buyers for both aircraft. The cost of purchasing such a large aircraft, combined with the fact that they’re relatively energy inefficient, makes them impractical.

Demand for the big jets has also dwindled as aviation regulations changed, airlines moved away from the hub-and-spoke model for their routes, and as jet-engine technology improved — making it safer for aircraft to fly long distances with just two engines.

In the last eight years, Boeing has sold just 45 jumbos — the majority of which are to be deployed as heavy freighters, and earlier this year Boeing announced it will be cutting back 747 production to just one per month. Airbus hasn’t won an airline order for the double-decker jet since it sold Emirates a batch two years ago.

James Hogan, the chief executive of Emirates’ rival Etihad was unequivocal when asked by Business Insider if the group will buy another four-engine jet.

“No, we’re done,” Hogan said. “We just believe in two-engine technology — they are much more efficient.”

If fact, Virgin Atlantic CEO Craig Kreeger told Business Insider earlier this year that he’s surprised Airbus was able to find as many takers for the A380 as they have.

Long-distance and transoceanic flights were traditionally exclusively covered by the 747 and its fellow three- or four-engine, wide-body jumbos because, when it comes to the engine count on an airliner, the thinking was that there is safety in numbers.

But as modern turbofan engines became more reliable, and engine failures far less common — the thinking, and the regulations changed. As a result, most airlines have turned to twin-engine mini-jumbos that are more fuel efficient.

Furthermore, airlines are moving away from the “hub and spoke” business model that calls for massive numbers of the passengers to be routed through a single mega-hub. Smaller, fuel-efficient jets such as the Boeing 787 Dreamliner allow airlines to offer passengers nonstop, point-to-point service without transiting through a hub.

Here’s a look at the glorious past of the jumbo jet.

Virgin Atlantic Airways Boeing 747-400 G VAST Wikimedia Commons
The Boeing 747 first flew in February 1969.
The big jet and the Everett, Washington, factory in which it was built were designed and constructed in just 16 months by a team of 50,000 Boeing employees. AP
The 747 was a major gamble for Boeing. The prevailing thinking at the time was that the world was heading toward supersonic travel.
Boeing bet that people wanted to travel in comfort for less money.
As the legend goes, Pan Am boss Juan Trippe told Boeing he needed a plane twice the size of … AP
… the Boeing 707 the airline operated at the time. Flickr/Barry Lewis
To give Pan Am the capacity it was looking for, Boeing added a second aisle to the cabin — thus creating the wide-body jet. AP
According to Boeing, the 747 could carry 3,400 pieces of luggage and could be unloaded in just seven minutes.
With seating for as many as 550 passengers, the 747 truly dwarfs the 707 as well as other workhorse jets of the era, … AP
When it entered service in 1970 with Pan Am, the public was mesmerized by the mighty jumbo jet. AP
Boeing followed up the original 747-100 with a new variant in late 1971 with more powerful engines and greater range called the —200 series. Flickr/Aero Icarus
A decade later, Boeing updated the 747 again with newer engines and an enlarged second deck. This version was called the —300. Flickr/Aero Icarus
The —300 didn’t prove to be as popular as Boeing would have liked. So in 1989, Boeing launched the —400. It featured modern avionics, a fully glass cockpit and greater range. It would go on to be the most popular of the 747 variants. Flickr/Aero Icarus
In 2011, Boeing launched the latest version of the jumbo jet, called the 747-8. At 250 feet long, it’s the longest airliner ever built. Boeing
Over the years, the 747 has been deployed in a variety of ways, ranging from firefighting water tanker to … REUTERS/Johannes Eisele
… Space Shuttle carrier! REUTERS/Ho New
From freighter to … REUTERS/Johannes Eisele
But the 747 really became a cultural icon when it was the plane to have for the world’s major airlines. For many years, it seemed as if you weren’t playing in the big leagues unless you were flying the jumbo.
But the 747 really became a cultural icon when it was the plane to have for the world’s major airlines. For many years, it seemed as if you weren’t playing in the big leagues unless you were flying the jumbo.
Over the years, Boeing has sold more than 1,500 747s.
The venerable Boeing jumbo jet has outlasted the supersonic Concorde as well as ….
Flickr/Rob Schleiffert
Unfortunately, it looks unlikely that jumbo jet will survive its latest slew of challengers, which include Airbus’ double-deck A380 superjumbo and …Gene Blevins/Reuters
… the A350XWB twin-engine “mini-jumbo.” Airbus
The 747 has also lost sales to its corporate siblings — the 777 “mini-jumbo” and …
… the 787 Dreamliner. Wikimedia Commons
To compensate, Boeing has slowed down production of the 747 to just one aircraft a month in an attempt to buy the sales team more time to generate orders.
Even though sales of the new jumbo are slow, with proper maintenance of the “Queen of the skies” can be with us for decades. So we’re just at the beginning of the end of jumbo era

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