September 28, 2020

Haitian earthquake five years on: Psychological scars remain


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Save the Children LovelyFrom Caribbean News Now

PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti — Although the catastrophic physical damage to housing, roads and public buildings wrought by the Haitian earthquake on January 12, 2010, is still visible, the psychological legacy that many young earthquake survivors are still struggling to live with is less easy to see with the naked eye.

Five years since the earthquake hit the tiny Caribbean island nation of Haiti, many children there still have limited access to education, and some report exposure to exploitation and sexual violence after the already-fragile country descended into chaos in the aftermath of the disaster. Many Haitian children still show signs of emotional and psychological stress, and remain in desperate need of assistance and protection today.

Their ongoing distress, along with their hopes for a better future, is what Riccardo Venturi, World Press Photo award winner in 1997 and 2011, hoped to capture while visiting Save the Children relief programs in Haiti. Venturi’s resultant images are a humbling reminder to all involved in the rebuilding of Haiti that the international response to the disaster is far from complete.

Save the Children Mary and JeanineChildren who have lost one or both parents, are unaccompanied by a family member, or are still living in internally displaced persons (IDP) camps, are particularly at risk of exploitation, with sexual violence against minors in such settlements commonplace.

“I don’t feel safe here at all because people don’t respect each other. There are many cases of abuse,” said *Marie Darline, a 15-year-old girl who has been living in a sprawling Haitian IDP camp for four years.

She is one of more than 85,500 people still living in temporary accommodations following the earthquake, more than half of which are children.

“If my mother and father were alive, I would be protected. They wouldn’t let me live like this,” said Lovely*, a 14-year-old domestic worker living and working in Port-au-Prince.

Since the death of her parents in 2010, Lovely has been forced into casual domestic work in order to survive, and is frequently beaten and mistreated by her employers. Sadly, Lovely’s story mirrors that of approximately 225,000 children aged between 5 and 17 who now find themselves economically trapped into working as domestic child laborers, with little or no chance of escape from their dismal living Save the Children Andersonconditions.

Lovely*, Marie*, and other children pictured in Venturi’s photo series, illustrate the fears and hopes for the future of Haitian children across the island.

“When I headed to Haiti in 2010 right after the earthquake, I saw that fear and shock were particularly evident, most of all in children,” he said.

“But children have an incredible ability to smile and to live each day to its fullest. Haitian children are always full of positive energy, but today under the surface it is easy to see the signs of suffering and emotional stress they still experience because of the earthquake, and because of the difficulties they encounter in their daily lives.

“Many of my images have tried to capture their look of veiled melancholy while always trying to keep their sense of dignity.”

Kevin Novotny, country director at Save the Children Haiti, said Ventura’s portraits also show the children’s willingness to take a lead in being part of the recovery process, participating rather than passively coping with what doesn’t work for them.

“At Save the Children, we encourage children to develop their own capabilities across all of our programs in terms of education and protection. This approach also contributes to overall resilience of families and the community while building a better chance for the future,” he said.

Anderson* is only two days old and his family lives in a camp in Port-au-Prince because their house was destroyed in the earthquake. His mother Elise* (hidden in shadow) is 17 years old. “This is my first baby. I went to the hospital; I had no problems giving birth, but I am now in pain. I live here with four people and with the baby that makes five! I hope my baby is healthy and stays healthy and that God protects him.” Photo: Riccardo Venturi /Save the Children
Lovely*, 14-years-old, is a child domestic worker in Haiti. “Where I work, now they beat me. I wake up really early – at 4 am to do house work. I’m the one that does all the work in the house, washing dishes, sweeping, carrying water, mopping … If my dad and mom were alive, I wouldn’t be in this situation. I would be loved and protected.” Photo: Riccardo Venturi/Save the Children
Mary* and Jeanine*, both 12, are best friends and are currently living in a center for vulnerable children in Haiti. This foster care center looks after orphans, former street children and former domestic servants, providing them with shelter, food, health care, education, and life-skills training. The center also assists in reuniting them with their families when possible. Photo: Sarah Tyler/Save the Children

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