September 16, 2019

The Editor speaks: 1934

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Colin Wilson

As September 10th 1934 was when Joan was born, and 85 years is a milestone not all of us reach, I thought I would look up and try and find some notable events around that time.

I share a few of them with you.

Sep 10 1934

The 8th Nuremberg Rally ended with a closing address by Hitler.

Police were called upon to end the Costa Rican banana workers’ strike, firing on strike leaders and arresting others.

Born: Charles Kuralt, journalist, in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1997); Roger Maris, baseball player, in Hibbing, Minnesota (d. 1985)

Sep 9 1934

7,000 police and guardsmen were dispatched to London’s Hyde Park, looking to head off any potential violence on the occasion of a rally by 1,200 members of Oswald Mosley’s British Union of Fascists. About 8,000 to 9,000 anti-fascists and onlookers also turned out, but the police cordon was so thick that no one on the outside of it could hear the speeches. A total of eighteen arrests were made, mostly for disorderly conduct.[11]

Rudolf Caracciola and Luigi Fagioli won the Italian Grand Prix.

The Little King, a comic strip by Otto Soglow that had appeared in The New Yorker for several years, made its debut in its new form of a newspaper comic strip.

Died: Roger Fry, 67, English painter and critic

Sep 11 1934

September 11, 1934 (Tuesday)[edit]

Cuban officials revealed the confiscation of five mail packages containing bombs addressed to American ambassador Jefferson Caffery.[14]

Born: Ian Abercrombie, actor, in Grays, Essex, England (d. 2012)

U.S. Inflation Rate, $100 in 1934 to 2019

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, today’s prices in 2019 are 1,814.71% higher than average prices throughout 1934. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 3.53% per year during this period, meaning the real value of a dollar decreased.

In other words, $100 in 1934 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $1,914.71 in 2019, a difference of $1,814.71 over 85 years.

The 1934 inflation rate was 3.08%. The current inflation rate (2018 to 2019) is now 1.81%1. If this number holds, $100 today will be equivalent in buying power to $101.81 next year.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 1934 would be equivalent to £7,097.61 in 2019, an absolute change of £6,997.61 and a cumulative change of 6,997.61%.

In Canada, CA$100.00 in 1934 would be equivalent to CA$1,852.78 in 2019, an absolute change of CA$1,752.78 and a cumulative change of 1,752.78%.

Cost of Living 1934

How Much things cost in 1934

Average Cost of new house $5,970.00 Average wages per year $1,600.00

Cost of a gallon of Gas 10 cents

Average Cost for house rent $20.00 per month

A loaf of Bread 8 cents

A LB of Hamburger Meat 12 cents

Studebaker Truck $625.00

Arrow Men’s Shirt $2.50

White Potatoes 19 cents for 10LBs

Heinz Beans 13 cents for 25oz can

Spring Chickens 20 cents per pound

Wieners 8 cents per pound

Best Steak 22 cents per pound

Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling

Average House Price 515

Currency Exchange $5.00 to the Pound Sterling

1934 saw the turning point in the great depression in America with unemployment decreasing to 22% . But in other parts of the world some of the political changes occurring would cause the next world war , in Germany Adolf Hitler declared himself the fuhrer ( ultimate ruler ) , in Russia Stalin began his massacres and in China Mao Tse-Tung spread the communist doctrine. The further weather drought problems in the US Midwest continued and some 35 million acres of farmland were utterly destroyed and a further 225 million acres were in danger. The president set up public works around the US including bridges, roads and flood control Dams in an attempt to put America back on it’s feet. The FBI had considerable success ending the careers with celebrity criminals and John Dillinger , Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, Pretty Boy Floyd and Baby Face Nelson.

World — Political Extremism

1934 was arguably one of the worst years of the Great Depression as the world’s economy hit rock bottom. As the situation seemed hopeless, more and more people turned to whoever promised them a better life. At this time in history, the rising leaders used peoples’ fears and prejudices to rally support and create a scapegoat for the world’s problems.

More Information and Timeline for Political Extremism

1. A result of this was that many nations around the world fell into extremist political views with Fascism, Nazism, and extreme Communism dominating the political landscape, often to a detrimental effect.

2. Many dictators surfaced around the world, especially in parts of Europe, South America and Asia.

3. The Soviet Union and Stalin

a. In the Soviet Union, Josef Stalin had come to power in the previous decade.

b. He solidified his control of the country as he began the “Great Purge”.

c. This was a period of time during which he gained absolute control through heavy repression of the populace.

d. He also conducted random executions and imprisoned many Communist party and government officials, along with anyone who showed signs of political disagreement.

4. In Germany, the country turned to Nazi extremism with the election of Adolf Hitler in 1933.

a. By 1934, he had declared himself “fuhrer” and absolute leader of the country.

b. Hitler directed aggression at the Jewish population and through radical propaganda he was able to spread his ideas of strong nationalism and racial superiority to the German people.

c. Through carefully planned law-making he was able to begin a program of increasingly repressive conditions for Jewish citizens and others deemed “undesirable” that would lead to the death of millions of people during the Holocaust.

d. Hitler propelled his ideas with fear and repression to those who resisted and awarded those who fell in line, leaving a large portion of the population complicit in his crimes against humanity.

e. He would slowly continue to gain power and push bounds until he started invading parts of Europe in the late 1930s, leading to the outbreak of World War II.

5. Several countries in South and Central America fell to Communist and Fascist dictators starting in the 1930s.

a. Getulio Vargas, the dictator of Brazil, turned the country into a near Fascist police state with a new and repressive constitution.

b. Countries that dealt with issues of war such as Bolivia also fell into military control and were lead by dictators.

6. The consequence of these regimes was a second World War, several civil wars, the Cold War, continually stagnant economies, repressive and fearful living conditions, and the deaths of millions of people worldwide.

END

I’ve run out of time and space.

Whoa! Isn’t history GREAT!!

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